Namespace Of Jtoken

GetName (JToken jtok, string encspace) Parses the name and namespace from the given JSON schema object then creates SchemaName object including the given enclosing namespace More static IList< SchemaName > GetAliases (JToken jtok, string space, string encspace) Parses the 'aliases' property from the given JSON token More. Note: You can assign Type variables to the result of a typeof expression. Implements ICollection T Contains(T). JSONPatch - a simple, crude implementation of calculating and applying patches to Json objects - JsonPatches. Json\Linq\JTokenEqualityComparer. In this step of the Microsoft. So the JToken indexer syntax you use has to match that hierarchy, including using the correct property names. Repository { public interface IAuthenticate { ClientKey GetClientKeysDetailsbyCLientIDandClientSecert(string clientID , string clientSecert); bool ValidateKeys(ClientKey ClientKeys); bool IsTokenAlreadyExists(int CompanyID); int DeleteGenerateToken(int CompanyID); int InsertToken(TokensManager token); string GenerateToken(ClientKey ClientKeys, DateTime IssuedOn); } }. Foundation. #webapi, #modelbinder, #json. Custom JSON Serializer and JSON Deserializer for RestSharp. 0, PublicKeyToken=30ad4fe6b2a6aeed namespace Newtonsoft. Last month the new Windows Azure features were released, and one of them which I found quite interesting was the “Web Sites”. NET常用方法汇总(可解决日常百分之90的需求). (Defined by Extensions. For more information about this project, please visit https://github. This option may be appropriate when the overhead of an Integration Account is not needed or where there is some functionality lacking in the current Integration Account XML Validation action (e. JSON(JavaScript Object Notation)是一种轻量级轻量级的数据交换格式,并且它独立于编程语言,接下来为大家介绍下使用JSON作为数据交换格式在. Unless the ordering really matters, I suspect you just want to make it another property of the error: // Variable names edited to follow normal C# conventions var jsonResponse = JObject. – Registro Imprese BO n. I not always know what the API sends back so after all I need it to do it in a different way. This is where ElasticSearch-Kibana stack makes life easy. JSON in the plugins folder. Platform Version Assembly. There's an easy way to create JSon objects using Newtonsoft's Json. Jwt built in methods to quickly break down your token into useful data. net web services and APIs. /// property returns a < see cref = " JToken " /> that contains the token and its descendant tokens /// that were read from the reader. Using Extraction Rules In Your Web Tests. It outlines key steps that you need to complete in order to retrieve Workspace and Document objects from Relativity. NET library ? Json. Load(JsonReader) taken from open source projects. C# - MVC Identity login with WebAPI On June 6, 2016 By panoskrt In coding Having an existing C# MVC application with Idenity authorization there was a necessity to implement the same Identity authentication with WebAPI within the same web application and allow a desktop app to authenticate via WebAPI. Notice that the JSON has a dynamic structure where not all items in arrays has same names and attributes. Parse(response); jsonResponse. Please read the "AirConsole Unity on AndroidTv" documentation to adapt your game for AndroidTV. The Course data is displayed on console by converting each JToken into the Course object using ToObject generic method, here T is the name of the class in which JToken will be converted. The sample calls two methods: one to get general information from the Wwise Authoring Application and another to get the objects currently selected in the Application. Whilst JSON is a compact and easy to read cross-language storage and data exchange format, the flexibility that it offers sometimes requires some custom handling to parse the data. By continuing to use Pastebin, you agree to our use of cookies as described in the Cookies Policy. Classes AssemblyLicenseAttribute AssemblyUsageAttribute BuildJsonConfig CascadableOptions ContentPairingInfo CustomAssemblyTextAttribute FileItems. Platform Version Assembly. Linq JToken C# Visual Basic Visual C++ Represents an abstract JSON token. net user context, you can do something like the following, in your Login Action:. NET and DynamoDB Tutorial, you populate the new Movies table in Amazon DynamoDB with sample data from the Internet Movie Database (IMDb). You can use Type variables in the same way as other variables such as string or int. GetValue - 30 examples found. private static JToken BuildPostData (string apiMethod, object requestData) { return JsonConvert. NET is a popular high-performance JSON framework for. SelectToken ("field_definitions"). In modern era of development we use web API for various purpose for sharing data, or for binding grid, drop-down list, and other controls, but if we do not secure this API then other people. Background JSON (an acronym for JavaScript Object Notation ) is a lightweight text-based open standard designed for human-readable data interchange. It simply plugs into the build process and instantly you are ready to start recording and replaying test scenarios. UITests { //This class contains methods that are used by some tests int numberOfAllFields = jToken. Json\Linq\Extensions. The sample calls two methods: one to get general information from the Wwise Authoring Application and another to get the objects currently selected in the Application. Code Coverage Statistics for Source File Newtonsoft. iOS, scriptcs で動かない. GetValue - 30 examples found. As the first one shows, you could first try to create some classes and then use the “JsonConvert. Currently I have an account at GoDaddy. The authenticate call returns a JSON response containing an “access token”. You can rate examples to help us improve the quality of examples. JSONPatch - a simple, crude implementation of. NET is a high-performance JSON framework for. NET comes with the StringEnumConverter to convert between an enum and the JSON string representation. IToolS Blog. You can use this tutorial to create a client console application that consumes the Relativity REST API. namespace CrackingCodeInterview. We'll use a JArray class from the namespace Newtonsoft. Info: FirstOrDefault is invoked 4 times. JSON in the plugins folder. v Società appartenente al Gruppo Sacmi Imola S. Type Name Description; System. Namespace: Gets the JToken with the specified property name. dll is a good choice to meet your requirement. Logic App is a Workflow Orchestration Engine running in the cloud. NET is a popular high-performance JSON framework for. The hierarchy of objects in Json. Consider the above file: Director, CastMembers, and Length are child nodes of the Video node but the Actor node is not a child of the Video node. Represents a JSON object. One important use of the DataSet is to encode data in XML format. /// property returns a < see cref = " JToken " /> that contains the token and its descendant tokens /// that were read from the reader. v Società appartenente al Gruppo Sacmi Imola S. namespace Test public static class JsonExtensions public static List < JToken > FindTokensCustomNoLinq ( this JToken containerToken, params string [ ] tokenNames ). Code Coverage Statistics for Source File Newtonsoft. Json, Version=9. The child nodes that are nested in a parent node and share the same level are referred to as siblings. Linq namespace. Create a simple. Net ; Data Controls ; Read JSON data from URL and Populate DropDownList using C# and VB. NET - JamesNK/Newtonsoft. You can use this tutorial to create a client console application that consumes the Relativity REST API. Newtonsoft. There are different LINQ providers for querying different data sources. GetOptionalString (JToken jtok, string field) Retrieves the optional string property value for the given property name from the given JSON object. Linq namespace is required to use FirstOrDefault. Code Coverage Statistics for Source File Newtonsoft. This content is part of a third party addin that is not supported by the Cake project. IMobileServiceClient. All your code in one place. The runtime type of the token is determined /// by the token type of the first token encountered in the reader. It outlines key steps that you need to complete in order to retrieve Workspace and Document objects from Relativity. Binds json to a JObject property which can be used to dynamically query the json provided in the HTTP request. AspNet (Of IList(Of JToken)) 'Usage Dim proxy As IHubProxy Dim eventName As String Dim returnValue As IObservable(Of IList(Of JToken. Net and Entity Framework The Setup You’re building a RESTful web service, and your technology stack looks something like this:. Press CTRL+C or CMD+C to copy the selected text and close this dialog. These are the top rated real world C# (CSharp) examples of Newtonsoft. dll(也可以使用VS自带的NuGet搜索Json. 不知是RSS ATOM錯亂還是怎麼的,feedly RSS閱讀器冒出一篇Rick Strahl 2012的老文章 Using JSON. Parse(response); jsonResponse. This token was used in the header of every subsequent request involving that specific user you authenticated. Linq namespace provides classes that are used to implement LINQ to JSON. using MusicAPIStore. AncestorsAndSelf JToken Returns a collection of tokens that contains every token in the source collection, and the ancestors of every token in the source collection. html file inside the Editor and creates a screen. /// property returns a < see cref = " JToken " /> that contains the token and its descendant tokens /// that were read from the reader. NET comes with the StringEnumConverter to convert between an enum and the JSON string representation. By continuing to use Pastebin, you agree to our use of cookies as described in the Cookies Policy. How to serialise classes which include IPAddress or IPEndPoint Posted: 16 Jul 2015 — code The two most popular formats for text-based serialisation are Xml and Json, often using the built-in XmlSerializer and Json. - Registro Imprese BO n. $ Ñÿ Auto¤þ6D$ Ðÿ Right=ÿ6R$ Ïÿ 0,6,93,0qý6n$ Èÿ Top=ÿ6€$ Çÿ 96¤þ6˜ Éÿ IsDefault. Repository { public interface IAuthenticate { ClientKey GetClientKeysDetailsbyCLientIDandClientSecert(string clientID , string clientSecert); bool ValidateKeys(ClientKey ClientKeys); bool IsTokenAlreadyExists(int CompanyID); int DeleteGenerateToken(int CompanyID); int InsertToken(TokensManager token); string GenerateToken(ClientKey ClientKeys, DateTime IssuedOn); } }. Public Class JObject _ Inherits JContainer _ Implements IDictionary(Of String, JToken), _ ICollection(Of KeyValuePair(Of String, JToken)), IEnumerable(Of KeyValuePair(Of String, JToken)), _ IEnumerable, INotifyPropertyChanged, ICustomTypeDescriptor, INotifyPropertyChanging. Currently I have an account at GoDaddy. The code examples in this article demonstrate how to use List. By voting up you can indicate which examples are most useful and appropriate. Find path/namespace of JToken in a Newtonsoft JObject. C# List class represents a collection of a type in C#. SetParameter(string property, JToken value): Sets a parameter for the operation. JSONPatch - a simple, crude implementation of calculating and applying patches to Json objects - JsonPatches. NET-Fixed comparing JObjects to ignore property order. net - JToken Model Binder. In my day job, for instance, I have a whole range of different systems that need to be integrated with each other for some reasons. // When submitting support requests, please include the value you used here, so we can find it. NET so I am sure the code could use a lot of improvemen. Last Updated on June 6th, 2019. xsd:redefine). IToolS Blog. Schema namespace can be used within an Azure Function to perform any required validation. Json\Linq\JTokenEqualityComparer. A library that facilitates serialization on both. NET so I am sure the code could use a lot of improvemen. AncestorsAndSelf JToken Returns a collection of tokens that contains every token in the source collection, and the ancestors of every token in the source collection. The runtime type of the token is determined /// by the token type of the first token encountered in the reader. It would be a bit of work but you could write a windows service to install alongside your unity app and use that service as a proxy to interface with the driver. NET is a popular high-performance JSON framework for. NET常用方法汇总(可解决日常百分之90的需求). By continuing to use Pastebin, you agree to our use of cookies as described in the Cookies Policy. AzureSearch {/// < summary > /// This class is created to expand sitecore posibility to add suggestiond to Azure search index /// In order to use this class you have to create custom search indexes /// Your search index should have node suggesters with attributes name and searchMode. The exact property name will be searched for first and if no matching property is found then the StringComparison will be used to match a property. Custom JSON Serializer and JSON Deserializer for RestSharp. IdentityModel. IToolS Blog. By continuing to browse this site, you agree to this use. JSON Web Token (JWT) is a means of representing claims to be transferred between two parties. NET基础用法 首先去官网下载最新的Newtonsoft. static string GetRequiredString (JToken jtok, string field). A key cannot be null, but a value can be, if the value type TValue is a reference type. (Inherited from Extensions. Convert (Save) Byte Array as File using C# and VB. NET Standard 1. See Also Reference. An example of message body properties (‘OrderPropertySchema’ namespace) and non-message body properties (‘system-properties’ namespace) to the message context: Another couple of generalisations can be made about promoted properties. NET and JavaScript platforms and communication between them. A library that facilitates serialization on both. And methods receive a Type parameter as an argument. Here is a list of the Web API and HttpClient samples you can find in our samples repository on aspnet. AspNet (Of IList(Of JToken)) 'Usage Dim proxy As IHubProxy Dim eventName As String Dim returnValue As IObservable(Of IList(Of JToken. This token was used in the header of every subsequent request involving that specific user you authenticated. Linq JObject. NET makes the simple easy and the complex possible. AspNet (Of IList(Of JToken)) _ ) As IDisposable 'Usage Dim instance As Hubservable Dim observer As IObserver(Of IList(Of JToken)) Dim. Json Gets the JToken with the specified key converted to the specified type. The value can also be passed as a string. Using JSON. Values(IEnumerable < (Of < <' (JToken >) > >), Object) Returns a collection of child values of every object in the source collection with the given key. /// property returns a < see cref = " JToken " /> that contains the token and its descendant tokens /// that were read from the reader. -Fixed not disposing JsonReader/JsonWriter in some places. Create, parse, query and modify JSON using Json. GetName (JToken jtok, string encspace) Parses the name and namespace from the given JSON schema object then creates SchemaName object including the given enclosing namespace. html file inside the Editor and creates a screen. Json\Linq\JTokenEqualityComparer. NET Standard 1. Type: Newtonsoft. NET基础用法 首先去官网下载最新的Newtonsoft. The capacity of a dictionary is the number of elements that dictionary can hold. I have created a RESTful API that uses three other APIs with Visual Studio 2017 in. NET and JavaScript platforms and communication between them. It would be a bit of work but you could write a windows service to install alongside your unity app and use that service as a proxy to interface with the driver. We'll use a JArray class from the namespace Newtonsoft. C# (CSharp) Newtonsoft. Hi kmcnet, You could refer to the following two thread that show how to read the JSON in vb. JSON Web Token (JWT) is a means of representing claims to be transferred between two parties. Linq namespace is required to use FirstOrDefault. The sample calls two methods: one to get general information from the Wwise Authoring Application and another to get the objects currently selected in the Application. We'll use a JArray class from the namespace Newtonsoft. Json Gets the JToken with the specified key converted to the specified type. But when I am trying to loop over it and get its values and keys on a dictionaries or my LIstof Object I cannot get that information. AncestorsAndSelf JToken Returns a collection of tokens that contains every token in the source collection, and the ancestors of every token in the source collection. Remove extracted from open source projects. /// property returns a < see cref = " JToken " /> that contains the token and its descendant tokens /// that were read from the reader. Namespace: Microsoft. NET JToken常用方法和属性的使用示例" 我在百度和谷歌上都未找到。有没有有空的大神有兴趣写个博客,发个链接?. The Course data is displayed on console by converting each JToken into the Course object using ToObject generic method, here T is the name of the class in which JToken will be converted. Net library respectively. It simply plugs into the build process and instantly you are ready to start recording and replaying test scenarios. Json\Linq\JTokenEqualityComparer. In modern era of development we use web API for various purpose for sharing data, or for binding grid, drop-down list, and other controls, but if we do not secure this API then other people. Values(IEnumerable < (Of < <' (JToken >) > >), Object) Returns a collection of child values of every object in the source collection with the given key. NET - JamesNK/Newtonsoft. I can't remember the whole grammars for XPath or JPath. SelectTokens(path, errorWhenNoMatch). GetZenDeskJobList() method communicates with Zendesk API. This throws an exception if property exists but it is not a string. We can add elements to JArray object and convert into JSON string. C# (CSharp) Newtonsoft. Last Updated on June 6th, 2019. Hubs Namespace. Newtonsoft. The FirstOrDefault method will appear in Visual Studio's IntelliSense feature by typing the period after an identifier that describes a type that implements IEnumerable. IPREL PROGETTI S. Platform Version Assembly. Code Coverage Statistics for Source File Newtonsoft. Hello, First of all, I prefer to specify that I've already search but I don't found anything to help with my problem. NET Framework base class library. An example of message body properties (‘OrderPropertySchema’ namespace) and non-message body properties (‘system-properties’ namespace) to the message context: Another couple of generalisations can be made about promoted properties. So the JToken indexer syntax you use has to match that hierarchy, including using the correct property names. JToken – This is the abstract base class. Linq JObject. Now that you've created a web test, and extracted all of the necessary context parameters in order to make your load test run smoothly with multiple users, you're ready to throw a load onto your web test. This option may be appropriate when the overhead of an Integration Account is not needed or where there is some functionality lacking in the current Integration Account XML Validation action (e. Linq namespace. In JavaScript, most things are objects, from core JavaScript features like strings and arrays to the browser APIs built on top of JavaScript. Create a token for individual user at the time of log in to your application. Serializing Circular References with JSON. Working with Azure functions (part 2 - C#) In my first blog post about Azure functions , I created an Azure function app and a function that uses Powershell to read data from RSS and writes it to Azure Table Storage. Create a simple. 2 people like it. IEnumerable< JToken > AfterSelf Returns a collection of the sibling tokens after this token, in document order. net JsonConverter class. Initializes a new instance of the JObject class with the specified content. NET Standard 1. NET and JavaScript platforms and communication between them. GetName (JToken jtok, string encspace) Parses the name and namespace from the given JSON schema object then creates SchemaName object including the given enclosing namespace. The property of the ErrorCode enum simply needs to be attributed as a JsonConverter of type StringEnumConverter in order to be serialized and deserialized. Routing is how ASP. Json, Version=9. It would be a bit of work but you could write a windows service to install alongside your unity app and use that service as a proxy to interface with the driver. i have some code it produced incorrect url where am i wrong please suggest me. They illustrate various features of Web API and HttpClient targeting either Visual Studio 2010 using. JSON Web Token (JWT) is a means of representing claims to be transferred between two parties. You can rate examples to help us improve the quality of examples. We can add elements to JArray object and convert into JSON string. So, I made a simple program like this. It provides a way to simplify and implement scalable integrations and workflows in the cloud - with a visual designer to model and automate the business process as a series of steps known as the workflow. In that post I focused on the feature at the server side, but we also released updates to the client SDKs for all platforms to take advantage of that feature. Info: FirstOrDefault is invoked 4 times. When building Xamarin Apps there is no easy out of the box mechanism to control your enviornmental settings such as web service url as your app migrates through the different environments such as Development, Staging and Production. InvokeApiAsync Method (String, JToken) 05/31/2016; 2 minutes to read; In this article Invokes a user-defined custom API of a Azure Mobile Service using an HTTP POST, with support for sending HTTP content. GetOptionalString (JToken jtok, string field) Retrieves the optional string property value for the given property name from the given JSON object. 0 : Newtonsoft. All you need to do is stream these logs to Elastic Search service and then use Kibana to visualize the logs. NET is a popular high-performance JSON framework for. 任务队列和异步接口的正确打开方式什么是异步接口?Asynchronous OperationsCertain types of operations might require processing of the request in an. IPREL PROGETTI S. NET We are aware of typical, static Json parsers, those can parse a json string to a predefined POCO C# object. Values T: Returns a collection of the child values of this. Hello, First of all, I prefer to specify that I've already search but I don't found anything to help with my problem. This token was used in the header of every subsequent request involving that specific user you authenticated. NET - JamesNK/Newtonsoft. How to serialise classes which include IPAddress or IPEndPoint Posted: 16 Jul 2015 — code The two most popular formats for text-based serialisation are Xml and Json, often using the built-in XmlSerializer and Json. For more information about this project, please visit https://github. NET and DynamoDB Tutorial, you populate the new Movies table in Amazon DynamoDB with sample data from the Internet Movie Database (IMDb). Json Gets the JToken with the specified key converted to the specified type. JSONPatch - a simple, crude implementation of calculating and applying patches to Json objects - JsonPatches. C# - How To Read a JWT Nuget Requirements. Why use JSON. One important use of the DataSet is to encode data in XML format. Here we are using while loop to fetch records since JSON response is not on continues format. This option may be appropriate when the overhead of an Integration Account is not needed or where there is some functionality lacking in the current Integration Account XML Validation action (e. Notice that the JSON has a dynamic structure where not all items in arrays has same names and attributes. Info: FirstOrDefault is invoked 4 times. As elements are added to a dictionary, the capacity is automatically increased. net JsonConverter class. A key cannot be null, but a value can be, if the value type TValue is a reference type. NET and JavaScript platforms and communication between them. 5 with async/await language support. Code Coverage Statistics for Source File Newtonsoft. These are the top rated real world C# (CSharp) examples of Newtonsoft. NET to convert part of a JObject to Dictionary but it didn't work as in that case pair is no longer a KeyValuePair but instead a JToken. Remove extracted from open source projects. I not always know what the API sends back so after all I need it to do it in a different way. First, the Type class is found in the System namespace in the. Hello, First of all, I prefer to specify that I've already search but I don't found anything to help with my problem. JToken data (defaults to null): The data to be sent in the request. Net library respectively. C# (CSharp) Newtonsoft. It simply plugs into the build process and instantly you are ready to start recording and replaying test scenarios. JSON Web Token (JWT) is a means of representing claims to be transferred between two parties. Json, Version=9. OK, I Understand. When I need it as necessary, then I have been looking for the right path strings on the. There's an easy way to create JSon objects using Newtonsoft's Json. html file after an WebGL build export. Parse(response); jsonResponse. IMobileServiceClient. Subscription Class. member Received : IEvent>, EventArgs> JScript supports the use of events, but not the declaration of new ones. Binds json to a JObject property which can be used to dynamically query the json provided in the HTTP request. OK, I Understand. (Defined by Extensions. And methods receive a Type parameter as an argument. Seeding the database. GetOptionalString (JToken jtok, string field) Retrieves the optional string property value for the given property name from the given JSON object. Newtonsoft. GetName (JToken jtok, string encspace) Parses the name and namespace from the given JSON schema object then creates SchemaName object including the given enclosing namespace More static IList< SchemaName > GetAliases (JToken jtok, string space, string encspace) Parses the 'aliases' property from the given JSON token More. com Newtonsoft. String: method: The method name of the event. NET下载(下载下图第二个))并引用至项目。. NET comes with the StringEnumConverter to convert between an enum and the JSON string representation. The Byte Array is then saved to a folder as file using the WriteAllBytes method of the File class. config in as well… 😉 Thank you for the comment. Token Validity: A token expires in 1 hour. Net library respectively. The property of the ErrorCode enum simply needs to be attributed as a JsonConverter of type StringEnumConverter in order to be serialized and deserialized. Unless the ordering really matters, I suspect you just want to make it another property of the error: // Variable names edited to follow normal C# conventions var jsonResponse = JObject. GitHub makes it easy to scale back on context switching. There's an easy way to create JSon objects using Newtonsoft's Json. And: Fortunately, the DataSet provides the Namespace and Prefix properties to specify this. 362130 - Capitale Sociale € 98. Custom JSON Serializer and JSON Deserializer for RestSharp. NET - JamesNK/Newtonsoft. – Registro Imprese BO n. The capacity of a dictionary is the number of elements that dictionary can hold. Code Trench. A key cannot be null, but a value can be, if the value type TValue is a reference type. We will now implement a GetData() function in code behind of the WebForm. Every now and then, I need to invoke HTTP REST APIs using C#. So the JToken indexer syntax you use has to match that hierarchy, including using the correct property names. i have some code it produced incorrect url where am i wrong please suggest me. JToken It represents an abstract JSON Token. Very simple bit of code shows you how to use IdentityModel. I want the specific value of 'p' key bold above? Please help me to find. The property of the ErrorCode enum simply needs to be attributed as a JsonConverter of type StringEnumConverter in order to be serialized and deserialized. All your code in one place. NET下载(下载下图第二个))并引用至项目。. NET Core + Platform Extensions 2. NET基础用法 首先去官网下载最新的Newtonsoft. GitHub makes it easy to scale back on context switching. I've tried Regex but didn't find any good. html file inside the Editor and creates a screen. 'Usage Dim instance As JToken Dim path As System. Example using JsonCoverter to deserialize the runtime property from the api response into a Timespan Object in the Movies model. IndexOf(JToken) Method //. NET for dynamic JSON parsing ,讓我大吃一驚,發現自己一直用JProperty的笨拙方法處理動態JSON物件,其實結合dynamic. This token was used in the header of every subsequent request involving that specific user you authenticated. Routing is how ASP. Type: Newtonsoft. Build the solution (Ctrl+B) and run the sample using Visual Studio (F5). Schema namespace can be used within an Azure Function to perform any required validation. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: